The first author wishes to thank Christina Papadimitriou and Christina Brennan for their assistance in the preparation of this article. While gay and lesbian people are as diverse as the rest of the population, their shared experience of discrimination creates common health issues. Racism, sexism and homophobia are all manifestations and enactments of discrimination that have a number of deleterious effects. Related information on other websites. Archives of General Psychiatry. February 11, Dispatches. For all other health measures, there were no statistically significant differences.
Neither had any role in study design, the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data, the writing of the report, or the decision to submit the article for publication.
History of Discrimination Against Gays and Lesbians
Skip to the content Skip to navigation Skip to search. Preliminary data suggested the possibility of different patterns among the groups, but small cell sizes led to unstable odds ratio estimates and very large confidence intervals. These violations therefore require an urgent response by governments, parliaments, judiciaries and national human rights institutions. The above literature review demonstrates that single types of discrimination are associated with poorer mental health outcomes in a variety of population groups. Your tax deductible gift can help stop human rights violations and save lives around the world. Although this may, on the one hand, build coping repertoires, there are consequences far beyond intra- and inter-personal levels. The same is true in other languages.
This reinforces social pressure for lesbians and gays to remain invisible, to hide their true identities and to conceal their relationships. Among same sex attracted young people, violence and discrimination were also common. Top Panel Area 1. Young men 70 per cent and gender-questioning young people 66 per cent were more likely than young women 53 per cent to experience verbal abuse. BoydTonda L. The vilification law does not cover acts that are not public, for example abuse over a back fence that no-one else can hear.